Is It Bipolar?




Bipolar


Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that affects approximately 5.7 million Americas.

It is characterized by having severe mood swings, sometimes daily. Moods can range from extreme highs and feelings of euphoria, to extreme lows, feelings of depression.

You may experience lack of motivation and lack of interest in things that once interested you. Extreme happiness and highs, that can crash down into feelings of sadness, hopelessness and despair.

Symptoms of Bipolar


Some core symptoms include:

Mania
Depression
Aggression that’s uncharacteristic
Irritability
Needing little sleep
Grandiosity
Impulsivity
Crying spells
Lack of motivation
Inattention
Confusion

Let’s continue on to medications that can help alleviate symptoms.

Antipsychotics for Bipolar


Antipsychotic medications are prescribed for psychotic disorders including schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. They are also used for people with autism.

They work on chemicals in the brain that can affect psychosis, such as serotonin and dopamine.

These medications take approximately 4 to 6 weeks for symptoms like hallucinations and delusions to improve.

Typical or first generation Antipsychotics include:

Chlorpromazine / Thorazine
Haloperidol / Haldol
Perphenazine / Trilafon
Fluphenazine / Prolixin

Atyical or second generation antipsychotics are newer and thought to cause less side effects. These include:

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Aripiprazole / Abilify
Risperidone / Risperdal
Clozapine / Clozaril
Olanzapine / Zyprexa
Paliperidone / Invega Sustenna
Quetiapine / Seroquel
Brexpiprazole / Rexulti
Cariprazine / Vyralar

CAUTION
May Come with Side Effects


Some Side effect profiles for antipsychotic medications include:

Blurred Vision
Vomiting
Nausea
Dizziness
Dry Mouth
Akathisa/Restlessness
Seizures
Constipation
Weight Gain
Tardive Dyskinesia
Sexual Problems
Low Blood Pressure
Low White Blood Cell Count

Mood Stabilizers
for Bipolar

These medications are prescribed to people suffering from mood swings, very high, euphoric moods, to dropping down to low depressed moods.

Mood stabilizers treat mania, hypo-mania and/or depression.

All mood stabilizers work for different affected moods. Such as lithium helps with mania, and Lamictal helps get rid of the depressive side of disorders like bipolar II.

Some mood stabilizers include:

Lithium

Depakote

Lamictal

Tegretrol

Depakene

Latuda

CAUTION
May Come with Side Effects

Some side effects may occur when starting a mood stabilizer. These may include hair loss, rashes, nausea, weight gain, tremors, liver damage, kidney damage, sexual problems, diarrhea and more.

SSRI’s for Bipolar

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most commonly prescribed class of antidepressants. The work on the brain to inhibit the reuptake of the neurotransmitter serotonin. This is thought to increase levels of serotonin in the brain. This neurotransmitter is involved with happiness and mood.

SSRIs include:

fluoxetine / Prozac
sertraline / Zoloft
citalopram / Celexa
escitalopram / Lexapro
paroxetine / Paxil
fluvoxamine / Luvox

CAUTION
May Come with Side Effects

Common side effects of SSRIs include nausea, insomnia, nervousness, anxiety, akathisia, restlessness, tremors and shaky limbs, as well as sexual problems.


You can also visit healthline to find more information about bipolar medications and their side effects.